List of Oral Diabetic Medication
Press "Continue" button below to begin selecting your HealthSavvy topic s. Several viruses have been implicated, but to date there is no stringent evidence to support this hypothesis in humans. Check date values in: To serve, loosen pie from sides of pan by running a thin metal spatula around the edge. This process is mainly controlled by the hormone glucagon , which acts in the opposite manner to insulin. Just like endothelial cells, nerve cells cannot regulate their glucose uptake and suffer the same type of damages listed above. The principles of treatment weight loss, oral antidiabetics, subcutaneous insulin and management of emergencies e.
First, it has been widely reported since the s that hyperglycemia causes an increase in the flux through aldose reductase and the polyol pathway.
Increased activity of the detoxifying aldose reductase enzyme leads to a depletion of the essential cofactor NADH , thereby disrupting crucial cell processes. This produces N-acetyl glucosamine that can add on serine and threonine residues and alter signaling pathways as well as cause pathological induction of certain transcription factors.
Induction of PKC causes multiple deleterious effects, including but not limited to blood flow abnormalities, capillary occlusion and pro-inflammatory gene expression. These, in turn, can irreversibly cross link to proteins and cause intracellular aggregates that cannot be degraded by proteases and thereby, alter intracellular signalling.
Neutrophil activation can also lead to NAD P H oxidase production of free radicals further damaging the surrounding cells. In fact, a hallmark of uncontrolled diabetes is glycated products in the serum and can be used as a marker for diabetic microangiopathy.
While the heart can function without help from the nervous system , it is highly innervated with autonomic nerves , regulating the heart beat according to demand in a fast manner, prior to hormonal release. The autonomic innervations of the myocardium in diabetic cardiomyopathy are altered and contribute to myocardial dysfunction. Unlike the brain , the peripheral nervous system does not benefit from a barrier protecting it from the circulating levels of glucose.
Just like endothelial cells, nerve cells cannot regulate their glucose uptake and suffer the same type of damages listed above. Therefore, the diabetic heart shows clear denervation as the pathology progresses. Other causes of denervation are ischemia from microvascular disease and thus appear following the development of microangiopathy.
At present, there is no effective specific treatment available for diabetic cardiomyopathy. Treatment centers around intense glycemic control through diet, oral hypoglycemics and frequently insulin and management of heart failure symptoms. There is a clear correlation between increased glycemia and risk of developing diabetic cardiomyopathy, therefore, keeping glucose concentrations as controlled as possible is paramount.
As with most other heart diseases, ACE inhibitors can also be administered. An analysis of major clinical trials shows that diabetic patients with heart failure benefit from such a therapy to a similar degree as non-diabetics. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article or section possibly contains synthesis of material which does not verifiably mention or relate to the main topic. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page.
March Learn how and when to remove this template message. This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. A model for intracellular glycosylation in diabetes". Cardiovascular disease heart I00—I52 , — Angina pectoris Prinzmetal's angina Stable angina Acute coronary syndrome Myocardial infarction Unstable angina.
Myocarditis Chagas disease Cardiomyopathy Dilated Alcoholic Hypertrophic Restrictive Loeffler endocarditis Cardiac amyloidosis Endocardial fibroelastosis Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. Sinus bradycardia Sick sinus syndrome Heart block: Accelerated idioventricular rhythm Catecholaminergic polymorphic Torsades de pointes.
Atrial flutter Ventricular flutter Atrial fibrillation Familial Ventricular fibrillation. Plus, each serving provides 10 percent of your daily calcium needs. This creamy, flavorful guacamole is made with six simple ingredients, including avocadoes rich in heart-healthy monounsaturated fat. Plus, a serving provides 10 percent of your daily fiber needs. These rich and creamy cheese rounds taste anything but light and are perfect on-the-go protein snacks that can be paired with fruit or crackers.
Plus, one round provides 20 percent of your daily calcium needs. These crisp and hearty tortilla chips are perfect alone, paired with your favorite salsa, or dipped in guacamole. Plus, they're made of 84 percent whole grains from non-genetically-modified corn, wheat, and brown rice.
Choosing a smart snack requires more than watching out for fat, sodium, and calories. Carefully selected snacks can help you get more of the nutrients and food groups you may fall short on.
A serving of each of our top 25 snacks meets the following nutrition criteria, which address the concerns of people with diabetes:.
FREE two-page guide to the winning snacks! We're all about eating what you love. But even in moderation, some foods are poor choices for anyone -- even people without diabetes. These top foods to avoid contain high amounts of fat, sodium, carbohydrate, and calories. Instead, indulge with our satisfying and delicious alternatives!
Think Before You Eat: Skip to main content. How These Snacks Made the List Selecting smart between-meal munchies is simple if you're satisfied with a basic banana or apple. Best Savory Calorie Pack Winner: Some spice; lots of crunch.
Best Calorie-Pack Cookies Winner: Best Savory Snack Mix Winner: Quaker Snack Mix, Baked Cheddar fritolay. Best Canned Meat Winner: Best Vegetable Snack Winner: Best Dairy Drink Winner: Dannon Activia Dairy Drink, Strawberry activia. Love the fruity yogurt taste. Best Sweet Trail Mix Winner: Best Dried Fruit Winner: Sun-Maid Mediterranean Apricots sunmaid. Sweet but not too sweet.
Best Flavored Yogurt Winner: Best Flavored Crackers Winner: Triscuit Thin Crisps, Quattro Formaggio triscuit. Best Novelty-Shaped Cookies Winner: Leclerc Praeventia Dark Chocolate Chip heart-shape cookies praeventia. Best Fruit Snack Packs Winner: Best Nut Butter Winner: Simply Jif Creamy Peanut Butter jif. Best Nutrition Bar Winner: Best Plain Crackers Winner: Best Plain Yogurt Winner: Best Potato Chips Winner: Best Sweet Nuts Winner: True North Peanut Clusters truenorthsnacks.
Best Puffed Crisps Winner: Best Savory Nuts Winner: Planters Harvest California Almonds planters. Best Pudding Snack Pack Winner: Best Savory Dip Winner: Garden Fresh Gourmet Mild Guacamole gardenfreshsalsa.
Best Single-Serving Cheese Winner: Laughing Cow Mini Babybel Light laughingcow. Best Tortilla Chips Winner: Snack Requirements for People with Diabetes Choosing a smart snack requires more than watching out for fat, sodium, and calories.
A serving of each of our top 25 snacks meets the following nutrition criteria, which address the concerns of people with diabetes: Foods to Avoid We're all about eating what you love. How These Snacks Made the List. Best Savory Calorie Pack. Best Savory Snack Mix. Best Sweet Trail Mix. Best Fruit Snack Packs. Best Pudding Snack Pack. Snack Requirements for People with Diabetes.
Smart Snacking Tips for People with Diabetes. What to Know About Alcohol and Diabetes. How to Read Food Labels.