Our revised edition incorporates the latest changes. These injuries are further exacerbated with exposure to the often contaminated waters, leading to increased risk for infection. Sometimes emergency supplies are kept in what is called a Bug-out bag. House Hold Power Generator. And also facilitates in information management, emergency communication and care of citizens.
In This Issue
We've talked with Richard Ralphs after Ralphs markets began to open date their products, and he said they had no problem, that buyers just had to be more careful about ordering milk. Valley Gold a dairy company has been calendar dating since H6  "If the only milk left on the supermarket shelf has today's date on it, then does that mean the milk will spoil by tomorrow? And why does the dates on dry cereal follwo the phrase, 'best if used by' but there is no such phrase, only a date, on cottage cheese?
Well simply becasue dates on different food products mean different things. But in each case, the aim of the open-dating is to reveal the freshness of the product. Who determines the date? Not the federal government, as many shoppers assume, but usually the manufacturer, retailer, or an association of producers for a specific product.
Open-dating is voluntary under federal law, and only meat, poultry, and milk come under any type of ruling. There area four types of open-dating in common use: Having all these dates seems to have only added to consuers' confusion since the open-dating system began. In fact, the recent food labeling hearings by the federal Food and Drug dwelled on open-dating to a deree.
As one FDA spokesman said, 'the dates mean so many different things, they end up not meaning a thing. Pull date--this indicates the last recommended day for sale in a retail outlet. This date is set by the manufacturer or retailer to allow for sufficient home storage or use. This date is most often found on dairy products milk, cottage cheese Deli foods such as lunchmeats and sausage may also come with dating After that the retailer must remove it from the shelf. This indicates the last day at which that food item is considered at peak quality.
Dry cereals, for example, are labeled as such Expiration date--Indicaataes the last date on which the product should be used for assured quality Pack date--Indicates the day on which the food was processed or packaged.
This simply is another indicataion of how fresh the merchandise is and can be found mostly on canned foods As with all dates, they are merel freshness indicators. Following storage guidelines for individual food times is the best way to insure freshness.
C4 "While the simple shelf-life dating of food may increase consumer confidence in the quality of the product, it may have little bearing on the food's safety. This conclusion was one of the major findings of the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment in a report made public yesterday following an investigation into shelf-life dating.
The investigation sought to test the widespread belief that replacing the food industry's present system of largely indecipherable coded dates with clearly understandable open dates on food packages would help increase consumer confidence in food freshness, and encourage better handling of food products by retailers.
Open shelf-life dating involves putting dates on food packages to tell retailers and consumers when the contents should best be sold or eaten to insure freshness, The dates may say when the product was packaged, when it should be sold and the date that it should be discarded if uneaten.
Some form of open dating, generally involving dairy products, now is in effect in 21 states and the District of Columbia. Some food processors also have put open dates on selected food products, including numerical or color codes to aid in inventory control. But the report said there was considerable confusion because of the lack of a uniform dating system. The present systems vary widely as to the foods to be dated, the dates to be used and their meaning The report which was preapared at the request of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation, said 'There are no nationwide statistics on the amount of food sold that is not fresh' According to the report, New York is one of those states that have no dating system at all.
New Jersey requires the open dating of dairy productcs and Connecticut orders the open dating of milk. As to other overall findings, the report found that: Pressure for open dating stems from public perceptions that this would insure food freshness, which may not be abolutely correct. Open dating fails to take into account the influence of such environmental factors as temperature, humidity and light and is unlikely to 'in the near furture. The costs of open dating are small and unclear 'but nonetheless may add from 1 to 1 cent to the costs of each packaged food.
Lyons, New York Times , August 29, p. C8  "Although freshness dates are used by many shoppers when buying food, they actually tell very little about a product's shelf life, says Lloyd Witter, food science professor at the University of Illinois.
Shelf life varies with the age and type of ingredients used, the process, the package, the environmental conditions during distribution and storage as well as the consumer's preference as to how fresh is "fresh. After that, the responsibility shifts to the wholesaler, retailer and the consumer, Witter says. Many food packages already indicate in code the date they were processed to help supermarket personnel rotate stock and to identify defective merchandise in the event of a product recall.
Witter says the issue of food dating has been debated for 30 years. Consumers have urged that actual dates be used to indicate a product's freshness. The types of dating systems that have been proposed are the pack date, sell-by date or best-if-used by date. For this reason he thinks the best dating system would be the "best-if-used-by" date.
This indicates that the food is still safe although possibly of lower quality after that time. According to Witter, the use-by date incorrectly implies that the product is of high quality until that date regardless of any storage problems and that it becomes unpalatable or dangerous after that date. The pack date tells when food was packed and leaves it up to the consumer to decide how long after that date the food is still of high quality.
This is the coded date most often used for stock rotation. Many states now require a sell-by date, also called the pull date, on certain foods. After this date, the store manager must remove the package from his regular retail shelves and either dispose of it or sell it at a reduced price in a segregated part of the store. Food dating can be misleading and cause unnecessary problems in some cases, Witter says. Dating information depends on whether the food is perishable, semi- perishable or shelf stable, Witter says.
Milk, eggs and fish are classified as perishable, and most states limit the length of time they may remain on shelves or in coolers. Requirements vary among states, however, and the actual temperature in a given cooler or the length of time the food is left outside the cooler will determine whether the product actually retains its high quality for the stated time.
Similar considerations also apply to semiperishable foods such as cheese, cured meats, some pickled foods and snack foods. Even shelf stable food, such as canned goods, dried foods and breakfast cereals, can lose their quality if exposed to high temperatures and humidity, especially if their protective packaging is damaged. You could just walk to the local bakery and choose a new-baked, fragrant loaf.
Today, if you shop in a large market, you probably do a lot more reading than sniffing to judge the freshness of bread--and many other foods as well. Along with the ingredients list, nutrition labeling and other product information, you may find any of six kinds of dates on food packages.
Open dating, as this is called, got started in the s as part of the consumers' "right to know" movement. Designed to inform shoppers of product shelf life and to guide retailers in stock rotation, it can be confusing.
Some state and local statutes may require dating of perishable items such as eggs, milk and prepared sandwiches, but this country has no federal regulations and no uniform dating system.
The hodgepodge of codes can befuddle any shopper. Open dating is not the only kind of numbering system manufacturers may employ. Nor is it the same as the Universal Product Code, the small block of parallel lines and numbers found on practically all labels.
Instead, open dating is a specific date either printed, stamped or embossed on a product. Whether on the tops or bottoms of cans, on bottle caps or on the side panels of boxes, open dating is there to help shoppers select products at the store and keep tabs on them at home. The pack date--the day the food was manufactured or processed--tells how old the food is when you buy it.
It is generally used on items with a long shelf life: Pack-date information does not tell you how long a product is good or safe to eat, but it is helpful for recalls. By contrast, the pull date or "sell by" date is the last day a retailer should sell a product as fresh. Perishable foods--dairy products, meats, fish, bakery goods and cold cuts--may be stamped with a pull date. It allows time for home storage, so that an item remains fine beyond that date.
How long it can be stored at home depends to some extent on the food in question. Another category, the "best-if-used-by" date, may appear on cereals, aseptic packages of fruit and vegetable juices, snack foods, peanut butter, salad dressings and cookies. Items consumed after this date may represent no health risk, but manufacturers will no longer guarantee their quality. Occasionally, perishable goods like soft cheeses may be stamped with a "best-if-purchased-by" date, which is then synonymous with the pull or "sell by" date.
Fresh meat packed at the store may have a "display date" to indicate the day it went on the food-store shelf. Expiration dates may appear on a few items like baby formula and yeast as the last date the item should be eaten or used. Although it is easy to agree that we ought to have shelf-life dating for foods, designing a simplified and more consistent system is a major hurdle. Shelf life depends on the initial quality of the food and its subsequent handling and storage.
Most foods need to be protected from heat, light and excess moisture. In general, the higher the temperature during storage, the greater loss of food quality. Predictions of shelf life, then, are relative estimates that assume a reasonable amount of care in food handling.
Even the freshest of poultry can quickly deteriorate if left for long at a warm temperature. A pack date on wrapped chicken can help indicate freshness, but such information is valuable only if appropriate food practices are followed, both in the supermarket and at home.
Different kinds of foods lend themselves to different types of open dating. Some, like salt and sugar, have indefinite shelf lives and need no dating. They are not readily susceptible to microbial or chemical degradation if kept dry. Other foods are difficult to date because shelf life may depend greatly on how the product is stored.
A "sell by" date on frozen fruits and vegetables would be impractical because most degradation occurs after they leave the supermarket freezer. The most desirable label for these foods is probably a "best-if-used-by" date that includes storage and handling instructions. In short, the dates on foods mean different things from one item to another, and it can be hard to decipher these numerous designations.
Until a better system is invented, one way to help maintain peak quality at the table is to try to buy only as much as you are likely to use up well within the limits of freshness dating. The large economy size that lasts far beyond its shelf life is hardly a bargain.
And, then again, might not find. According to the U. Department of Agriculture, if a product is so stamped, here's what the designations mean: But the two main regulatory food agencies-the Department of Agriculture and the Food and Drug Administration-have no ruling on mandatory dating of food packages, leaving it up to the manufacturer and packager whether to advise consumers on the window of use for their product. However, if a calendar date is used, it must express both the month and day of the month and the year, in the case of shelf-stable and frozen products.
If a calendar date is shown, immediately adjacent to the date must be a phrase explaining the meaning of that date such as "sell by" or "use before.
Although dating of some foods is required by more than 20 states, there are areas of the country where much of the food supply has some type of open date and other areas where almost no food is dated. Nutrition Analysis Tool , University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign USA diet cook books Long before we had modern medicine and nutrition science, people understood the relationship between what they ate and how their bodies reacted.
Ancient Greeks and Renaissance Europeans "prescribed" foods based on humoral theory. Pre-industrial cookbooks typically offered "invalid" recipes. Educated Domestic Scientists and passionate health advocates fueled the temperance movement. A new genre of culinary literature was introduced. Home economics textbooks and healthy diet cookbooks were promoted as modern alternatives to "your grandmother's cookbook.
Industrial-age American health advocates focused on the evils of adulterated foods and overeating. Several incorporate a fitness component. The twelve books featured below offer thoughtful starting points for exploring the range of ideas espoused in the USA in recent times. Advocating high fiber and nut proteins, this cookbook and its ideas were avante-guarde in their day.
Primary focus was consuming healthy non-aduterated foods. Raw foodist movement proposed foods, when grown to maturity, were ready for use. Introductory chapters "As a Remedy," "Emancipation of Women," "Selection of Foods," and "Feeding Children" offer critical glimpses motivating this particular diet. This book advocates eating raw meat and raw eggs. It advocates cereal products for fiber; it also offers a recipe for "Unfired Bread" p. Trumese and Nutmese dishes are composed with commercially prepared ground nut products.
There is an entire chapter devoted to mushrooms which would be perfectly acceptable in today's restaurants, vegetarian or not. Egg-free dishes are also offered for parochial vegetarians. Suggested beverages are fruit nectars, lemonades, cranberry juice and bran tea. Anna Lindlahr and Henry Lindlahr, M. Vegetarian cook book based on the dietetics originated at the German School of Nature Cure. This book begins by dismissing contemporary competing vegetarian cookbooks as uninformed.
Recipes in this book are annotated to show their food elements St. The authors recommend uncooked foods: Author Oppenheimer's preface tells her readers she is a diabetic who has sampled treatments at Carlsbad and Neuenahr. Inasmuch as each person's carbohydrate tolerance is different, it is absolutely essential that the carbohydrate content of each recipe be known; only then can it be safely used. We home cooks confronted with adjusting family meals to meet this particular challenge "get it.
This movement launched in in "a world in which many foolish and artificial conceptions of life were prevalent. These ideas were a mixture of old superstitions and half baked-conceptions of new-born science The catastrophe of the World War has Health has become popular; a strong and beautiful body has become a thing of honor and glory He advocates careful mastication chewing , drinking water hydration and healthy cooking to unfold natural flavor steaming vs boiling. Introducing the concept of "Super Foods," this ambitious holistic dietary text fed the timeless table of social concerns.
Chapters titled "Overcoming Faulty Elimination Fighting fatigue with diet," "Beauty is as Beauty Eats: Víctor Grífols i Lucas — Dr. Grifols achieves a record net profit of Grifols reinforces its commitment to research in the 7th edition of the Martín Villar Awards for Research on Hemostasis Created in , the awards recognize progress made in the field of Hemostasis. The awards are endowed with 20, euros for each of the two prizes: Grifols launches a continuing education program for transfusion medicine professionals in the United States The program is designed to update knowledge and share advances in the field of transfusion safety.
Grifols opens state-of-the-art facility in Clayton, NC to help advance treatment of rare and life-threatening diseases Grifols' North Fractionation Facility will be the world's largest and one of the most technologically advanced plasma fractionation facilities, increasing production capacity in Clayton from 3. Grifols' sales rose by 4. Grifols takes part in the exhibition "Molecules of Life: Award Winners at the Sixth Edition of the Martín Villar Research Awards Grifols is a company which is committed to encouraging scientific investigation; one of the ways does this is through the Martín Villar Awards for research into haemostasis.
Grifols continues to contribute to transfusion medicine training with its second European edition of the Transfusion Science Education Course Each year, Grifols holds a number of courses intended to provide an opportunity for transfusion medicine professionals to learn and progress.
Through training we can ensure the quality and safety of the transfusions that millions of people throughout the world receive each year. Grifols extends its commitment to scientific dissemination with a new publication, Perspectives in Transfusion Medicine The twice-yearly publication is a means of distributing scientific content developed by leading researchers in the field of transfusion medicine.
Grifols Opens New, State of the Art Plasma Testing Laboratory in San Marcos The 72,square-foot-facility will create new jobs as well as provide job opportunities for existing Grifols employees through consolidation of the company's plasma testing operations at the new San Marcos facility and an existing facility in Austin, Texas.
Award Winners at the Fourth Edition of the Martín Villar Research Awards Grifols is a company which is committed to encouraging scientific investigation; one of the ways is does this is through the Martín Villar Awards for research into hemostasis. Grifols Signs Cooperative Agreement for Commercialization of Immunohematology Diagnostic Products in the US Agreement will facilitate access to state-of-the-art immunohematology products to blood banks and hospitals transfusion centers in the US.
Grifols starts construction of a new plasma fractionation plant in Parets del Vallès The new facilities will deliver up to an additional maximum of two million liters of plasma fractionation capacity in Spain raising total capacity from the current figure of 2.
In the third quarter, the Bioscience division grew by The higher sale volumes of plasma derivatives such as albumin and IVIG, with double-digit increases, confirm the upward trend of the sector. Net profit, at Investment made in production facilities in Australia and Switzerland amounts to 9 million euros. Grifols to acquire Talecris Biotherapeutics creating a world leading provider of life-saving plasma protein therapies The combination of Grifols and Talecris will create a diversified, global provider of life-saving and life enhancing plasma protein therapeutics built on the strong global presence of Grifols and the established position of Talecris in the United States and Canada.
The merger accelerates key strategic initiatives for both Talecris and Grifols as it creates a more efficient platform for manufacturing, innovation and global sales and marketing. Combining the expertise of both companies will build upon their individual legacies of patient commitment, growth and innovation while increasing the availability of high quality plasma protein therapies for patients worldwide.
Moving forward in safety: Grifols introduces a holographic seal on its plasma derivative packaging. Fundación Probitas provides aid for Haitian population Fundación Probitas, which was created in under the auspices of Grifols, has now started to operate, and as its first action has approved emergency aid for the Haitian population. This approval is the culmination of a three-year project to transform the entire process of obtaining, purifying and filling albumin vials at Grifols Biologicals Inc.
The annual Martin Villar Haemostasis Awards is open to applications El plazo de presentación de candidaturas a los premios Martín Villar se ha abierto oficialmente con dotaciones económicas que suman un total de New method makes it possible to transport medicine cells to areas affected by inflammatory processes This discovery, the product of collaboration between research centres and the Grifols group of companies, is a step towards what has been described as the medicine of the future: The Martin Villar Haemostasis Awards ceremony held in Barcelona Established by Grifols in , these awards pay tribute to the world-renowned hematologist Martín Villar and promote research in hemostasis by recognizing the most outstanding basic or clinical research projects on blood coagulation disorders.
Grifols acquires office complex in Sant Cugat The new complex will allow the Grifols group to centralize its shared corporate areas, while also providing space for future growth. These areas are currently based in rented office space, primarily in Barcelona, and without any scope for physical expansion.